The human body is an example of a well-structured, well-oiled, and well-organized machine.

Inside this machine, all organs and systems work together simultaneously closely monitored by two regulatory systems: Endocrine and Nervous System.

The nervous system in a human body works like electric signals, collects, processes, and responds to the electrical pulses information about the surroundings. 

However, the endocrine system controls the human body and mind by producing strong chemical signs called hormones

Some people believe that hormones are just part of the reproductive system. However, that’s not the case. There are two main hormones regulated by the reproductive system: testosterone in males and estrogen in females.

Besides, other hormones such as Cortisol, the thyroid controls regular body functions and metabolisms and has nothing to do with reproduction.

Hormones work in a way to maintain homeostasis and a stable internal environment. The failure to maintain homeostasis may lead to certain diseases and disorders or even cause the death of a person. Therefore, it is essential to maintain equilibrium and internal stability.

To put this in a short definition, Hormones are chemical messengers that travel around the body providing information to various tissues and organs.



Estrogen is the primary reproductive hormone in females – the ovary secretes.

It is responsible for puberty, prepares the body for pregnancy, and regulates the monthly menstrual cycle.

More precisely, during puberty, estrogen, helps us develop into women. It’s essential for breast changes, pubic hair growth, and menstruation.

After puberty, this hormone controls our menstrual cycle, protects our bones, and keeps cholesterol in check.
Most of our estrogen is build in the ovaries and the adrenal glands, located on top of the kidneys. Our fat cells also produce a small amount of estrogen.

However, during pre-menopause years and at the menopause, estrogen levels decline slowly, resulting in some uncomfortable and distressing symptoms.

As the ovaries decrease their production of estrogen, our body tries to compensate for the loss.

During our middle years, we produce more fat cells, and fewer muscle cells to counteract falling estrogen levels.

Unfortunately, more fat cells translate into weight gain around the middle waist.

Also, research shows that low estrogen levels have adverse effects on the mental health of women. Therefore, it is advisable to practice specific actions that balance out estrogen levels.


   1. Abnormal Menstrual Cycles

Ovaries are responsible for the secretion of estrogen and estrogen, which is an essential hormone in a woman’s body alongside progesterone. There might be different reasons for abnormal or irregular menstrual cycles such as PCOS, Stress, or breastfeeding. 

However, doctors highly recommend getting your estrogen levels checked first for abnormal and irregular menstrual cycles.

   2. Weak Bones & Loss of Muscle Strength

Apoptosis is the normal process of cellular self-destruction, and it is commonly known as cellular-suicide. Low estrogen levels result in weak bones and loss of muscle strength through the apoptotic mechanism.

   3. Excessive Weight Gain

Hormones play a significant role in maintaining and controlling your body weight, and low estrogen levels can result in excessive weight gain. This phenomenon is most visible during the menopause period.

   4. Skin Problems

Healthy and supple skin has three things in common; moisture, texture, and plumpness. Unfortunately, these characteristics are directly affected by the drop in estrogen levels. Some of the common skin problems that arise with the decrease in estrogen levels are:

  • Dry and itchy skin.
  • Decreased elasticity of the skin.

   5. Insomnia

Estrogen is known to be an asleep maintaining hormone, so the decrease in estrogen levels affects your sleeping patterns and may cause insomnia.

   6. Infertility

Estrogen is a reproductive hormone that controls and regulates your reproductive system. The increase or the decrease in estrogen levels hurt your reproductive system. However, low estrogen levels prevent ovulation and may cause difficulty in conceiving, ultimately leading to infertility.



  • Eat a well-balanced diet, including phytoestrogen-rich foods.
  • Avoid weight gain by increasing your exercise and reducing your calorie intake.